Hybrid Heat Pump Water Heaters
A heat pump water heater, also called a hybrid water heater, is very energy efficient. It uses electricity as its energy source. It has a water storage tank like a conventional water heater. It draws in air and uses a process that intensifies the heat out of the air it draws in to heat water. For homeowners that live in a hot climate, this may be an excellent option to use in ones home. In these environments, a hybrid heat pump can be three times more energy efficient to use than a conventional water heater.
The concept that moving heat takes less energy to operate than creating heat is used. There are different settings on a control panel that can be switched to maximize the energy efficiency of the unit.
An ample amount of air space is needed around the unit, so it could not be installed in a closet. The temperature range around the unit should stay between 40 to 90 degrees too. It would be difficult for it to operate well in a cold area since it pulls in the heat from the air around it. If ones furnace was located close by, that would be ideal for the heat pump during colder times of the year.
They do cost more than conventional water heaters, but like a tankless model, will cost less to operate. They have a similar life expectancy as a traditional water heater of 10-12 years. This is due to also using a water storage tank.
Having a heat pump water heater installed correctly is very important and only a professional should be used.